تعلم قواعد الحروف الساكنة فى اللغة الانجليزية silent letters in english rules

تعلم قواعد الحروف الساكنة فى اللغة الانجليزية silent letters in english rules

    تعلم قواعد الحروف الساكنة فى اللغة الانجليزية silent letters in english rules


    قد يقرأ الكثير من غير الناطقين باللغة الانجليزية بعض الكلمات بصورة وطريقة خاطئة حيث أنه يوجد الكثير من الحروف الساكنة والتى لا تنطق فى اللغة الانجليزية ، كما أنها قد تسسب حرجا لبعضهم ، فمن خلال هذا المقال نقدم لكم الشرح الوافى لكل الحروف التى تكون ساكنة فى اللغة الانجليزية مصحوبة ببعض الامثلة المشروحة والتى تبين المعنى وترسخه فى عقل المتعلمين. .

    تعلم الحروف الساكنة فى اللغة الانجليزية

    فى هذا المقال يشرح كل الحروف الساكنة باللغة الانجليزية ، قواعد السكون فى اللغة الانجليزية ، شرح تفصيلى لكل حرف مع ذكر كلمات له.

    كم عدد الحروف الساكنة فى اللغة الانجليزية ؟
    الحروف الساكنة فى اللغة الانجليزية تقدر بـ 17 حرف مذكور ومشرح أدناه.

    silent letters in english 

    Silent B


    silent b letter


    Rule 1: B is not pronounced after M at the end of a word.

    Examples: limb, crumb, dumb, comb, bomb, thumb, climb, tomb

    Rule 2: B is usually not pronounced before T at the end of a root word.**

    Examples: debt, doubt, debtor, doubtful, subtle, subtleness


    Silent C

    silent letter C


    Rule 1: C is not pronounced in the combination SC.

    Examples: Muscle, scissors, ascent, miscellaneous, fascinate, scenario  

    Exceptions: Sclera, asclepiad, sclerosis, muscovado, sceptic

    Rule 2: C is usually redundant before the letters K or Q.

    Examples: Acquaintance, acknowledge, acquiesce, acquit

    Silent D


    silent letter D


    Rule 1: D is not pronounced in the following common words:

    Handkerchief, Wednesday, sandwich, handsome

    Rule 2: D is also not pronounced in the combination DG.

    Examples: Pledge, dodge, grudge, hedge


    Silent E

    silent letter E

    Rule: E is not pronounced at the end of words, but instead elongates the sound of the vowel before it.

    Examples: Hope, drive, gave, write, site, grave, bite, hide

    Exceptions: Giraffe, brunette, cassette, gazelle (You may be able to spot a pattern in these words; they have similar combinations in the last syllable. This shows that the exceptions are generally words with unusual stress on the final syllable – but not always! One example would be the word ‘minute’ as in the time-measuring unit.)

    Silent G

    silent letter G

    Rule: G is not often not pronounced when it comes before N.

    Examples: Champagne, foreign, sign, feign, foreign, design, align, cognac

    Exceptions: Magnet, igneous, cognitive, signature


    Silent GH


    silent letter gh

    Rule 1: GH is not pronounced when it comes after a vowel.

    Examples: Thought, drought, through, thorough, borough, daughter, light, might, sigh, right, fight, weigh, weight

    Exceptions: Doghouse, foghorn, bighead (As you can see, the exceptions are generally compound words i.e. words that have been formed by combining two complete words)

    Rule 2: GH is sometimes pronounced like F.

    Examples: rough, tough, laugh, enough, cough, clough, draught


    Silent H


    silent letter H

    Rule 1: H is not pronounced when it comes after W (n.b. some speakers whisper the H before the W).

    Examples: what, when, where, whether, why

    Rule 2: H is not pronounced at the beginning of many words (remember to use the article “an” with unvoiced H).

    Examples: hour, honest, honour, heir

    Exceptions: hill, history, height, happy, hereditary (Plus most other words beginning with H that are NOT of French origin – and remember to use the article “a” with voiced H)

    Rule 3: H is often not pronounced when it comes after C, G or R.

    Examples: choir, chorus, ghastly, ghoul, aghast, echo, rhinocerous, rhythm




    Silent K


    silent letter K
    Rule: K is not pronounced when it comes before N at the beginning of a word.

    Examples: knife, knee, know, knock, knowledge, knead



    Silent L


    silent letter L

    Rule: L is not pronounced after the vowels A, O and U.

    Examples: calm, half, talk, walk, would, should, could, calf, salmon, yolk, chalk, folk, balm

    Exceptions: Halo, bulk, sulk, hold, sold, fold, mould



    Silent N


    silent letter N
    Rule: N is not pronounced when it comes after M at the end of a word.

    Examples: Autumn, hymn, column, solemn



    Silent P


    silent letter P
    Rule: P is not pronounced at the beginning of many words using the combinations PS, PT and PN.

    Psychiatrist, pneumonia, pneumatic, psychotherapy, psychotic, psychologist, pseudonym, Pterodactyl



    Silent PH


    Rule: PH is sometimes pronounced like F.

    Examples: telephone, paragraph, alphabet, epiphany, sophomore


    Silent S

    silent letter S

    Rule: S is not pronounced before L in the following words:

    Island, isle, aisle, islet




     Silent T


    silent letter T
    Rule: T is not pronounced in these common words:

    Castle, Christmas, fasten, listen, often, whistle, thistle, bustle, hasten, soften, rapport, gourmet, ballet




     Silent U


    silent letter U
    Rule: U is not pronounced when it comes after G and before a vowel.

    Examples: guess, guidance, guitar, guest, guild, guard


    Silent W


    silent letter W

    Rule 1: W is not pronounced at the beginning of a word when it is before the letter R.

    Examples: wrap, write, wrong, wring, wreck, wrestle, wrap, wrist

    Rule 2: W is not pronounced in the following words:

    Who, whose, whom, whole, whoever, answer, sword, two




    تحميل مذكرات قواعد ومهارات اللغة الانجليزية كل الصفوف.


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